Understanding the Difference between Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and Electroconvulsive Therapyweb_admin
ECT is a procedure that uses electric current and is majorly managed in a hospital setting. The therapy involves several side effects and some of them can be as serious as memory loss. On the other hand, TMS is basically a non-invasive therapy. The procedure is commonly administered at a doctor’s office or any out-patient setting. The procedure involves no side effects.
What these therapies involve?
ECT: The therapy involves a series of seizures; the recipient is given muscle relaxant along with general anesthetic. The therapy is conducted by placing electrodes on each side of the head. A typical ECT course therapy is of 7 to 15 sessions. The improvement is observed after almost six sessions.
TMS: this therapy does not involve a series of seizures. The recipients don’t need to get muscle relaxants or anesthesia. A typical course of TMS comprises 30 to 36 sessions. The improvement is observed after 11 to 15 sessions. In comparison to ECT, TMS therapy to treat major depression has proved to be more than 60% effective among patients, which is a significant response.
Which therapy is safer?
Notwithstanding the side effects associated with ECT, it is considered as a relatively safe option. However, any procedure that requires anesthesia involves risks.
On the other hand, TMS is popular for its effective results and medical professional considers it as one of the safest procedures. The procedure involves no side effects; not even anesthesia, unlike ECT. Hence the procedure carries no risk of cardiac or respiratory arrest during the procedure.
All in all, both of the therapies are used to treat depression. However, TMS is less complex and highly effective therapy in comparison to ECT. Nevertheless, the results of TMS therapy highly depend on the expertise of the psychiatrist or the healthcare professional. Hence choose only the qualified professional to perform the therapy.